Setting up Ubuntu 16.04 (Ubuntu 17.04)

Previous step

Configure your instance to have Ubuntu 16.04 fresh installed. Then connect through SSH to your instance (credentials given by mail after OS installation.)

Adding a sudo-able user

  1. Create the new user by executing and fill the configuration :

    root@your-instance:~# adduser username
  2. Add the user to the sudoers :

    root@your-instance:~# adduser username sudo
  3. (optionnal) Prevent the new user to type his email when he wants to switch to root

     root@your-instance:~# echo 'username ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL' >> /etc/sudoers
  4. Try to connect with your username then try to switch to root

     username@your-instance:~$ sudo su -
     # Type your password if you need to (if you pass step 3)
     # You should see

Next steps will use SSH through username.

Packages installation

Keep yourself updated : sudo apt-get update and sudo apt-get upgrade (you should see nothing because fresh install keeps updated).

ufw (Uncomplicated Firewall)

  1. Install package : sudo apt-get install ufw
  2. Check available connections : sudo ufw app list, which should render :

     Available applications:
  3. Add OpenSSH (obviously) by executing sudo ufw allow OpenSSH
  4. Enable the firewall sudo ufw enable
  5. Check configuration sudo ufw status, which should render :

     Status: active
     To                         Action      From
     --                         ------      ----
     OpenSSH                    ALLOW       Anywhere
     OpenSSH (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)

Install nginx

  1. Install packages :

    sudo apt-get install nginx
  2. Allow connection with ufw (nginx expose 3 services to ufw : HTTP, HTTPS, both) : sudo ufw allow "Nginx HTTP"
  3. Reload the firewall : sudo ufw reload
  4. Check the status : sudo ufw status which should render :

     Status: active
     To                         Action      From
     --                         ------      ----
     OpenSSH                    ALLOW       Anywhere
     Nginx HTTP                 ALLOW       Anywhere
     OpenSSH (v6)               ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
     Nginx HTTP (v6)            ALLOW       Anywhere (v6)
  5. Access your web server with your favorite browser : http://your-instance/, which should render :